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PPE gloves standard : The new EN407:2020

Posted in PPE on 2020-08-26 by CTC
PPE gloves standard : The new EN407:2020 has been published by CEN and became a applicable in all European Union in April 2020 and supersedes EN407:2004. However, a transition period of 12 months has been agreed where the 2 standards can be used. At the present time, from a legal point of view, only EN407:2004 is giving presumption of conformity to the regulation 2016/425.

PPE gloves standard : The changes in the new EN407:2020

Test your safety footwear, glove, garment and Secure your PPE

THE SCOPE IS WIDER

New products can be CE marked

  • Covers also “arm protective equipment
  • Professional use and consumer domestic use

Arm protective equipment & professional use and consumer domestic use

​Very clear exclusion of  fire-fighter and welders.
EN407:2020 shall be used in conjunction with EN ISO 21420:2020.

In clause 3, "Terms and definitions"

Several new definitions mainly to define terms mentioned in the test methods to improve  the assessment after testing.

Clause 4, "Requirements",

Many changes…
Samples conditioning : 23 +/- 2°C and 50 +/- 5 RH.

Clause 4.1, "general"

More clear in the new 2020 version 

  • The gloves standard EN 407 is only for thermal risks if the gloves claims another protection use the relevant standard (e.g. mechanical risks EN 388).

  • Glove made of dissimilar materials, all of them shall be tested and shall complied with the EN 407 requirements.

  • If the tests require large samples , the manufacturer shall supply them, their properties must be identical to those of the gloves.

 

Clause 4.2, "cleaning"

More clear in the new 2020 version 

If cleaning is claimed, the tests shall be done before and after cleaning the level of performance is given by lowest results.

 

Clause 4.3, "Mechanical strength"

The tear test is done to validate the robustness/solidity of the glove.
No level of performance, it is a pass or fail requirement.

Test method to apply: Clause 6.8: 
Identical to EN388+A1: 2019 clause 6.4

If the glove claims EN407 and EN388, this test could be done only one time and reported 2 times in the test report.

 

Clause 4.4, "Size and dimensions"

More clear in the new 2020 version 

If the use implies that the glove shall be quickly taken off EN 659+A1:2008, clause 3,15 shall be performed (max. 3 s. to take off a pair of gloves dry and wet).

For gloves protecting against metal splashes (small and large). A minimum glove length shall be fulfilled (see table1).

Size of the hand 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Minimal length of glove (mm) 290 300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370

 

 

Clause 4.4.2 Hand protective equipment’s = domestic PPE

Subjective requirement… “…fully cover the part of the hand…”

Testing products (footwear & shoe, garment, leather goods, textile…) for all standards countries

Clause 4.5 thermal performance
Clause 4.5.1 General

Depending of the intended use of the glove, relevant test should be performed see annex B.

  Limited flame spread Contact heat Convective heat Radiant heat small drops of molten metal Large quantities of molten metal
Hand protective. Pot Holder o / / / /
Oven glove o o o / /
Barbecue glove o o / /
Industrial glove for foundry o
Industrial glove for general thermal environment o o

o Optional - ♦ Recommended - / This risk in not corered by this PPE

Useful for certification

 

Clause 4.5.2 Limited flame spread
  • New test method EN ISO 15025:2016
  • Level 1 and 2:   3 gloves shall be tested (ISO 15025 method B with EN 407, figure 2 )
  • Level 3 and 4 claimed : as level 1 and 2 + All other outer materials than fingers shall be tested ISO 15025 method A)
  • Seam shall not come apart after ignition time
  • No hole after testing, Innermost layer (no molten or flaming debris)
  • Table 2 : level 1 after flame time (now <15s before <20s)

Clause 4.5.2 Limited flame spread

​Test method to apply : Clause 6.2:

  • 3 gloves (+ 3 samples by material Level 3/4)
  • New test with metallic rod (leather)
  • Test report definition
  • The lowest results defines the level of performance

Test results given by the EN407:2004 cannot be used for the certification against EN407:2020

 

Clause 4.5.3 Contact heat
  • All materials shall be tested
  • New test method EN ISO 12127-1:2015
  • Innermost layer : no melting or holing

Clause 4.5.3 Contact heat

Test method to apply : Clause 6.3:

  • EN ISO 12127-1:2015 (new calorimeter)
  • The lowest results defines the level of performance (no more average)
  • Test report definition

Test results given by the EN407:2004 cannot be used for the certification against EN407:2020

 

Clause 4.5.4 Convective heat
  • All materials shall be tested
  • New test method EN ISO 9151:2016
  • Innermost layer : no melting or holing

Clause 4.5.4 Convective heat

Test method to apply : Clause 6.4:

  • The lowest results defines the level of performance (no more average)
  • Test report definition

Test results given by the EN407:2004 cannot be used for the certification against EN407:2020

 

Clause 4.5.5 Radiant heat
  • All materialS shall be tested
  • Innermost layer : no melting or holing

Clause 4.5.5 Radiant heat

Test method to apply : Clause 6.5 (EN ISO 6942:2002) :

  • 3 specimens (2 in EN407:2004)
  • The lowest results defines the level of performance (no more average)
  • Test report definition​​

Test results given by the EN407:2004 cannot be used for the certification against EN407:2020

 

Clause 4.5.6 small splashes of molten metal
  • All materialS (palm, back, cuff) shall be tested
  • Innermost layer : no melting or holing

Clause 4.5.6 small splashes of molten metal

Test method to apply : Clause 6.6 (EN348:1992):

  • 2 specimens of each material taken from 2 different gloves
  • The lowest results defines the level of performance (no more average)
  • Test report definition

Test results given by the EN407:2004 can sometimes used for the certification against EN407:2020

 

Clause 4.5.7 large quantities of molten metal
  • All materialS (back, cuff) shall be tested
  • New test method EN ISO 9185:2007
  • Innermost layer : no molting or holing

Clause 4.5.7 large quantities of molten metal

Test method to apply : Clause 6.7:

  • 3 specimens of each material (with seam)
  • The lowest results defines the level of performance (no more average)
  • Other materials than iron can be used level of performance only with iron results with other materials can be given in the user notice
  • Test report definition

Test results given by the EN407:2004 can sometimes used for the certification against EN407:2020

 

In clause 7, Marking

Pictogram if level 1 for flame resistance is reached

Pictogram if level 1 for flame resistance is reached

 

Pictogram if level 1 for flame resistance is not reached

pictogram if level 1 for flame resistance is not reached

In clause 8, Information supplied by the manufacturer

EN 407:2004,  4 clauses  ⇒ EN 407:2020,  11 clauses + a specific information for thermal domestic risks  (4 clauses).

Great care must be taken during the verification of the certification files

 

Sampling depends on the properties claimed

Test Sampling
Flame

If level 1and 2    3 gloves
If level 3 and 4   3 gloves + 3 A4 sheets (20x16 cm) by material other than fingers

Contact

3 gloves (Ø 80mm palm)

Convective

If back = palm    2 A4 sheets (14x14 cm) of the material
If back ≠ palm    2 A4 sheets (14x14 cm) of each material

Radiant

Back: 2 A4 sheets (17x8 cm) of the material

Small SMM

1 A4 sheets (12x2 cm) by material (back, palm, cuff)

Large QMM

3 A4 sheets (26x10 cm) by material (back, cuff)

Tear

4 gloves (10x5 cm)

At least 10 gloves + x A4 sheets

 

It is foreseen that EN407:2020 will become an ISO standard,

It will be voted in 2020 (fast track agreement)

It will be ISO 23407
(same procedure as EN 388 and ISO 23388)

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